Cultural institutions in Turkey are divided into those run by the state, local governments and private sectors; each have different culture policies and no significant collaborative policies. Contemporary art productions and practices are based in Istanbul and are dependent on private sector investments, rather than official funds. Compared to the EU culture system, the current relations between the producers (artists, art experts) and consumers (public, collectors) are still sporadic and unsustainable.
Political environments in most of the countries in the MENA are still authoritative and semi-democratic, in which art practices serve as activism or protest against human rights violations and restrictions of freedom of expression, among other things, albeit with limited influence in changing the convictions and attitudes of the public. Visual arts are almost the only channel through which creative people can convey their free and critical thinking to their societies and to the world. If the artists are represented in international exhibitions they have more prestige, confidence and power of persuasion in their local communities.
Wthin the neo-capitalist system, the monopoly of corporate culture is not to be avoided! Commercialisation of culture is growing rapidly and the market system norms and requirements force art practices to act accordingly. The distribution of visual production is manipulated by corporate institutions, foundations and art fair companies to their benefits. Yet, there is no other possibility of funding visual arts in the MENA region and even in Turkey, a country with a strong official modernist culture infrastructure and local government public culture institutions. In these regions, contemporary art infrastructures are still to be developed; the existing individual initiatives that practice and produce contemporary art are fragile and unsustainable. Art market prospects are still developing; galleries have financial difficulties to lift up the artists to international platforms.